Filters separate different parts of the electromagnetic spectrum by absorbing or reflecting certain wavelengths and transmitting other wavelengths.

Color Filters

Color filters are glass substrates containing absorbing species that absorb certain wavelengths. A typical example is a cut-on color filter, which blocks short wavelength light such as an excitation source, and transmits longer wavelength light such as fluorescence that reaches a detector.

Interference Filters

Interference filters are made of multiple dielectric thin films on a substrate. They use interference to selectively transmit or reflect a certain range of wavelengths. A typical example is a bandpass interference filter that transmits a narrow range of wavelengths, and can isolate a single emission line from a discharge lamp.

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