Many important chemical processes occur at the surface of a solid. Some examples include catalysis, electrochemistry, and adhesion. Understanding these processes requires an understanding of the composition and structure of the surfaces. The links listed below lead to descriptions of analytical techniques that can selectively characterize solid surfaces. They are divided into two categories: techniques that are primarily used for elemental analysis at surfaces, and techniques primarily used for surface imaging.
/chem-ed/mat-anal/surface.htm, updated 2/2/97
Copyright © 1996 by Brian M. Tissue, all rights reserved.
Science Hypermedia Home Page